Over and over again in our managed press stories are created
to manufacture consent. Gaddafi a
popular leader was portrayed as a bloody tyrant. A small group of religious
fanatics and mercenaries were funded by the western powers to produce regime
change. News reporting about this revolt
was staged in almost move fashion.
However, as reported on RT news network, and elsewhere, but this had
little effect upon the opinion of the masses around the globe. The regime change has a chilling effect upon
governments concerning their resistance to globalization and their moves to
build a populist base. Libya’s populist
government is the latest victim of the developed countries imperialism. It is part of the suppression of populist
movements in the Middle East, suppressed because they oppose
globalization. Gaddafi was a socialist
Arab style. Below is a sample of his
writing on socialism.
The Third International Theory
or Third Universal Theory (Arabic:
نظرية عالمية ثالثة) refers
to the style of Government described by Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi in the early 1970s, on which
his government, the Great Socialist
People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, was officially based. It was partly
inspired by Islamic socialism and Arab
nationalism and partly by the principles of direct
democracy. It has similarities with the system of Yugoslav municipal self
management in Titoist
Yugoslavia, and the
Yugoslav Third Way during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s as developed by Edvard
Kardelj. It was
proposed as an alternative to capitalism and communism for Third World countries, based on the stated belief
that both of these ideologies had been proven invalid.
The Higher Council for National
Guidance was created to disseminate and implement this theory, and it found
partial realization in Libya.
of the Third International Theory are outlined in the Green Book
(published from 1976–1979, see below article). It is a system of views which
criticizes European-style democracy and Soviet Marxism in detail.
rejects traditional instruments of government - parliaments, parties and
referendums - and contrasts them to the concept of direct popular democracy
based on people's congresses and people's committees. The General People's
Congress, which passes laws on the state level, considers only those issues
that have been discussed and proposed in the agenda of the Primary People's
Congresses, which unite the entire adult population.
the Third International Theory, the legal system of a society can not depend on
the political situation, and must be based on custom and religion. It also proclaims the need to abolish
wage labor and to give
employees the rights to the products that they manufacture. It professes
to realize the ideal form of social coexistence, in which, along with social justice, there has to
be a strong power, popular
representation and national identity.
this theory, Gaddafi relied on the theoretical writings of anarchist
philosophers Mikhail Bakunin and Peter
Kropotkin combined with the egalitarian
principles of Islam.
and political context
information: History of Libya under Gaddafi
the 60's and 70's of the 20th century, in the countries of the Arab-Muslim
East, various theories of "national brands of socialism", named
"Islamic socialism", became widespread. This socialism was based on
the principles of nationalism, religion and equality, and its ideas inspired a
number of revolutions, popular uprisings and coups in the Arab world. Similarly, in
Libya, on Sept. 1, 1969 a group of Libyan army officers belonging to the
Movement of Free Officers, Unionists, and Socialists overthrew the monarchy and
proclaimed the Libyan Arab Republic (LAR). The supreme power was temporarily
relegated to the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), headed by 27-year-old
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.
On October 7, 1969
at the 24th Session of UN General Assembly, the Permanent
Representative of Libya announced its intention to eliminate all foreign bases
on Libyan land.
the Libyan leadership informed the ambassadors of the United States and Britain
that it was terminating the respective agreements. Almost at the same time an
offensive began against the position of foreign capital in the economy.
results and the nearest tasks of the Libyan revolution were fixed in a public
statement on Dec. 11, 1969, a Provisional Constitutional Declaration. Islam was
declared the official state religion. It was proclaimed that one of the
main goals of the revolution was the building of a form of socialism based on
"religion, morality and patriotism." Gaddafi and his companions
intended to achieve this through "social justice, high levels of
production, the elimination of all forms of exploitation and the equitable
distribution of national wealth."
Revolutionary Command Council was to function as the centre of the political
organization of society, with the right to appoint cabinet ministers, to
declare war and enter into contracts, to issue decrees with the force of law,
and to handle key aspects of internal affairs and foreign policy. Chairman of
the IBS Gaddafi was appointed head of the Libyan Arab Republic.
Gaddafi organized the Arab Socialist Union (ACC), which became the sole legal
political organization in the country. In 1977 the General People's Congress,
representing numerous national committees, adopted a decree (the "Sabha
Declaration") on the establishment of a "regime of people's
power" (the so-called 'direct popular democracy') in Libya, and the
country was renamed the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. The
Revolutionary Command Council was also renamed and transformed into the General
Secretariat of the Congress. In practice, the Arab Socialist Union then merged
with the apparatus of the General People's Congress. The people elected into the
General Secretariat of the General People's Congress were Gaddafi (General
Secretary) and four of his closest associates - Major Abdessalam Jalloud, and generals Abu Bakr Younes
Jaber, Mustafa al-Harrubi, and Huveyldi al Hmeydi.
later, the five leaders resigned from public office, yielding them to
professional managers. Since then, Gaddafi has officially held the title of the
Leader of the Libyan revolution and the group of the five leaders is named
"the Revolutionary Leadership". Furthermore, a hierarchy of
Revolutionary Committees was established with the purpose of implementing the
policies of the Revolutionary Leadership within the system of the People's Congresses.